Welcome to ImpactFees.com
NEW! The 2012 National Impact Fee Survey is now available (see link below).
STILL RELEVANT. A 2010 study of Florida counties found no differences in building between counties that had reduced or suspended fees and those that did not (see resources, general).
Welcome to ImpactFees.com, the nationís most comprehensive and current collection of online information relating to impact fees and infrastructure financing. This website is provided as a public service by Duncan Associates, one of the nationís leading impact fee consulting firms.
Over the past quarter century, impact fees have become an integral part of local government infrastructure financing. As an offspring of the negotiated exaction and the fee-in-lieu of land dedication, impact fees have done more to change our approach to paying for public facilities than any other single financing technique. Because of them, the phrase "growth should pay its own way" is now part of our national vocabulary.
Impact fees come in many forms and flavors. They first appeared on the American scene in the 1950s and 1960s as capital recovery fees for the funding of water and wastewater facilities. With the decline of Federal and State grants to local governments and the ascension of the anti-tax revolution in the late 1970s, their use was expanded to several non-utility facilities, such as roads, parks and schools. It was not until the 1980s, however, that impact fees began being universally used for a broader array of municipal facilities, such as fire, police and libraries.
After a series of court cases in Florida, California and Utah validated their usage in the early 1980s, impact fees quickly spread throughout the rapidly-urbanizing Sunbelt and Rocky Mountain West. These cases collectively set forth the "rational nexus" legal doctrine, which established a regulatory road map for the drafting of impact fees at the local level.
State & Local